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La place du GRESEC dans le paysage de la recherche française en communication

Mis à jour le 22 novembre 2011

► Many of the universities and research institutions are centred in the capital area, as is usual in many other countries. But there are quite a few important research units in other parts of France as well.
The leading institution in the field of information and communication, the laboratory of GRESEC, is located in the city of Grenoble, which is situated in the Alps region [...].


► Outside the capital of France, the most well-known research institution is situated in Grenoble: the laboratory of GRESEC (Groupe de recherche sur les enjeux de la communication). The laboratory is part of the Institut de la Communication et des Médias (l'Unité de Formation et de Recherche (UFR) des Sciences de la communication) within the Université Stendhal, Grenoble3. The institute was officially founded in 1975, when Infocom was established as a discipline by the CNU. The most famous professor of GRESEC is Bernard Miège, who is among the most cited of Infocom scholars in France and who is also known abroad in the field of cultural industries and the Habermasian theory of public sphere. The Grenoble school has a central position in researching the field of cultural industries in France, and much of its influence comes from German and American studies. The research corresponds to Anglo-Saxon idea of developing the ideas of the Frankfurt school. Miège has served as the director of the Grenoble research group for many years, but recently retired. Today the laboratory is directed by Professor Isabelle Pailliart.


► The laboratory has about 30 teacher-researchers (5 professors, 25 maîtres de conference), 60 professional teachers (intervenants), 600 students and doctoral students (60). The main orientation of GRESEC follows the emergence, development, and social implications of modern communication media. This orientation also takes into account the changes in the social and cultural mediations that are increasingly commercial and industrial, interactivity, multi-modality, and the signification of devices offered to user-consumers. The laboratory is organised around four main focus areas:
  • Industrialisation of information and culture (ICI). The evolution of information and culture from various aspects (cultural, socio-political, social, and economic), the social logic directing the social actors. The progressive emergence of the networks of communication accelerated by the movement of industrialisation and branding;
  • Changes in the public space: communication, territories, and organisations (MEP). Public space, techniques of politics of communication. The field work is varied, ranging from local media to political communication of territorial collectivities to scientific communication and corporate communication;
  • Multimedia and interactive writings : production and uses. (EMIPU). Digital technology of information and communication (TICN), especially the domain of learning;
  • Information and communication (CRISTAL). Automatic processing of language, essentially French, linguistic approach. (http://w3.u-grenoble3.fr/gresec/)" [...]

► The questions of globalisation and cultural identity are also important topics for research, which are often studied within an orientation focused on cultural industries or cultural communication. The critical approach has a steady position in French intellectual thinking, and theories of the political economy of communication and theories of public sphere and democracy are popular. The media and communication system is studied as part of the cultural industry or public space, thus not necessarily as an independent research object. Important institutions in this area are the GRESEC in Grenoble 3 and the co-operation project of Paris 13 Nord, Paris 8, and Maison des Sciences de l'Homme Paris Nord.
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GRESEC - Université Stendhal Grenoble 3 - Institut de la Communication et des Médias
11, avenue du 8 mai 1945 - BP 337 - 38434 Échirolles Cedex